European Union – Employment. The Court of Justice of the European Union gave a preliminary ruling concerning the interpretation of art 1(1) of Council Directive (EC) 2001/23 in proceedings between the applicant company and the respondents in their capacity as former employees of another company (ICTS) concerning the applicant's refusal to acknowledge that the employment relationships between those employees and ICTS had been transferred to the applicant by way of a transfer of a business.