European Union – Legal services. Articles 3, 8 and 12 of Council Directive (EC) 2003/8, read together, had to be interpreted as meaning that legal aid granted by the member state of the court hearing the particular case, in which a natural person domiciled or resident in another member state had submitted a legal aid application in the context of a cross-border dispute, also covered the costs paid by that person for the translation of the supporting documents necessary for the processing of that application. The Court of Justice of the European Union so held in a preliminary ruling in the course of proceedings brought in Germany by the applicant, resident in the Czech Republic, concerning the payment of arrears of wages by his former employer.