European Union – Data protection. Article 3(2) of Directive (EC) 95/46, read in the light of art 10(1) of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, should be interpreted as meaning that the collection of personal data by members of a religious community in the course of door-to-door preaching and the subsequent processing of those data did not constitute either the processing of personal data for the purpose of activities referred to in art 3(2), first indent, of that directive or the processing of personal data carried out by a natural person in the course of a purely personal or household activity, within the meaning of art 3(2), second indent, thereof. The Court of Justice of the European Union so held, among other things, in a preliminary ruling in proceedings concerning the legality of a decision of the Data Protection Board, Finland, prohibiting the Jehovah's Witnesses Community from collecting or processing personal data in the course of their door-to-door preaching unless the requirements of Finnish legislation relating to the processing of personal data had been observed.