Criminal law – Trial. The judge, in staying the defendant's prosecution as an abuse of process, erred in concluding that the principles articulated in R v Looseley; Attorney General's Reference (No 3 of 2000) ([2001] 4 All ER 897) could be read over without modification to the activities of non-state actors. As a result, the Court of Appeal, Criminal Division, held that his conclusion that the defendant had been entrapped into committing a sexual offence by a non-state actor could not be supported.