Message sent by defendant's half-brother not hearsay evidence in defendant's trial – . The Court of Appeal, Criminal Division, in dismissing the defendant's appeal against conviction, held that a message sent by the defendant's half-brother had not been hearsay evidence in the defendant's trial for causing grievous bodily harm with intent. The message had plainly been relevant evidence and the judge had been entirely correct in his decision not to exclude it under s 78 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984.