Parent and child –Permanence order applications – Expenses. Court of Session: Refusing motions to find the local authority petitioners liable to the respondents for the expenses of the action as taxed in four petitions in which applications for permanence orders in respect of sibling children were refused, the court held that where it was not suggested that the petitioners had acted reprehensibly the court would require to find that they had adopted an unreasonable stance or had been irresponsible in their conduct of the proceedings before it could make an award of expenses: it was not satisfied that that had occurred and therefore found no expenses due to or by either party in each petition.