European Union – Trade marks. Article 4(1)(b) of Directive (EC) 2008/95 had to be interpreted as precluding national legislation making provision for a disclaimer whose effect would be to exclude an element of a complex trade mark, referred to in that disclaimer, from the global analysis of the relevant factors for showing the existence of a likelihood of confusion within the meaning of that provision, or to attribute to such an element, in advance and permanently, limited importance in that analysis. The Court of Justice of the European Union so held in proceedings concerning the refusal to register the word sign 'ROSLAGSÖL' as a national trade mark.