European Union – Value added tax. The Court of Justice of the European Union ruled that art 2(1) of the Sixth Council Directive (EEC) 77/388 meant that public broadcasting activities funded by a compulsory statutory charge paid by owners or possessors of a radio receiver and carried out by a radio broadcasting company created by law, had not constituted a supply of services 'effected for consideration' within the meaning of that provision and, therefore, fell outside the scope of that directive.