European Union – Trade marks. The General Court of the European Union dismissed the action by Novar GmbH (Novar) against the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) for damage it had sustained on account of lawyers fees that it had incurred in challenging a decision of the Opposition Division (OD) of EUIPO, which the OD had subsequently changed in Novar's favour. The Court held that Novar had failed to establish the existence of a direct causal link between EUIPO's alleged unlawful conduct and the damage pleaded.