Trade union – Certification as independent trade union. The respondent Certification Officer had correctly rejected the appellant trade union's application to be entered on to the list of Trade Unions maintained by the respondent. The applicant was not an organisation consisting 'wholly or mainly of workers' within the meaning of s 1 of the Trade Union Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992: a 'worker', for those purposes, being an individual who worked under a contract. Consequently, the Employment Appeal Tribunal dismissed the appellant's appeal against the employment tribunal's decision to uphold the respondent's decision.