European Union – Trade marks. The Court of Justice of the European Union gave a preliminary ruling deciding that art 8(1) of Directive (EC) 2004/48 should be interpreted as applying to a situation, such as that at issue in the main proceedings, in which, after the definitive termination of proceedings in which it had been held that an intellectual property right had been infringed, the applicant in separate proceedings sought information on the origin and distribution networks of the goods or services by which that intellectual property right was infringed.