European Union – Jurisdiction. The Court of Justice of the European Union held that the recognition and enforcement of an order issued by a court of a member state, without prior hearing of a third person whose rights might be affected by that order, could not be regarded as manifestly contrary to public policy in the member state in which enforcement was sought or manifestly contrary to the right to a fair trial within the meaning of art 34(1) of Council Regulation (EC) 44/2001, insofar as that third party was entitled to assert its rights before that court.