European Union – Insurance. The Court of Justice of the European Union gave a preliminary ruling in which it decided that on the basis that the Directives at issue, art 47 of the Charter of the Fundamental Rights of the European Union and the Internal Regulations of the Council of Bureaux, adopted by the Agreement of 30 May 2002 between the national insurers' bureaux of the member states of the European Economic Area and other Associate States were not applicable to the dispute in the main proceedings. Consequently, the consequences arising from the case-law of the referring court to the effect that, for the purposes of the subrogated claim, the burden of proof relating to all of the elements establishing the civil liability of the defendants in the main proceedings for the accident which had occurred on 20 July 2006, rested with the Bureau of Motor Insurers of Lithuania.