Police – Special police services. The judge had erred in having found that services provided by the defendant Chief Constable on land immediately adjacent to, and outside, the claimant football club's stadium had been special police services (SPS) and the police were entitled to impose charges for the provision of the services. The Court of Appeal, Civil Division, held that, most importantly, the judge had given too much emphasis to what he had wrongly characterised as the control exercised by the club over the relevant area.