European Union – Rules on competition. The Chancery Division allowed the defendant companies' various applications to strike out the claims against them or for summary judgment as appropriate, in proceedings concerning the activities of a cartel that had operated regarding the manufacture and sale of cathode ray tubes for use in televisions and monitors. The court held that the claimant companies had not pleaded a proper case against the first to fifth defendants, and could not make a sustainable factual and legal case against both sets of defendants because any cartel had not been shown, or pleaded, to have a sufficiently close connection with the European Union.