European Union – Employment. The Court of Justice of the European Union gave a preliminary ruling in which it decided that art 4(1) of Council Directive (EC) 2000/78 should be interpreted as meaning that the willingness of an employer to take account of the wishes of a customer no longer to have the services of that employer provided by a worker wearing an Islamic headscarf could not be considered a genuine and determining occupational requirement within the meaning of that provision.