Belgium v European Commission

European Union – Consumer protection. By its appeal, Belgium sought to set aside the order of the General Court of the European Union, by which the General Court had dismissed as inadmissible its action seeking annulment of Commission Recommendation 2014/478/EU of 14 July 2014 on principles for the protection of consumers and players of online gambling services and for the prevention of minors from gambling online (the contested recommendation). In dismissing Belgium's appeal, the Court of Justice held, among other things, that the General Court had properly concluded that the contested recommendation did not have and was not intended to have binding legal effects, with the result that it could not be classified as a challengeable act for the purposes of art 263 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

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