European Union – Freedom of establishment. In two proceedings which were subsequently joined, the Court of Justice of the European Union was asked to give a preliminary ruling in circumstances where, in Case C-360/15, the respondent company had challenged the amount of fees/charges that the applicant municipality in the Netherlands had asked it to pay in connection with the installation of fibre-optic cables for a public electronics communications network. The Court held, among other things, that art 2(2)(c) of Directive 2006/123 should be interpreted as meaning that that directive was not applicable to fees/charges for the payment of which liability was connected with the rights of undertakings authorised to provide such services.