Trade mark – Passing off. The claimant members of the Sky Group of companies brought a claim, alleging trade mark infringement and passing off against Skykick UK Ltd and Skykick Inc (the defendants). The defendants applied for a pre-trial reference to the Court of Justice of the European Union (the CJEU) of a question relating to European trade mark law, concerning art 1(13) of the European Parliament and Council Regulation (EU) 2015/2424. The Chancery Division ruled that, having considered issues concerning timing and the public interest, no reference would be made.