Criminal law – Charity. A fine of £300,000 which a Crown Court judge had been imposed on the University College London (UCL), following its guilty plea to an offence of exposing another to a risk to health and safety, contrary to ss 3(1) and 33(1)(a) of the Health and Safety at Work Etc Act 1974, was not manifestly excessive. The Court of Appeal, Criminal Division, in dismissing UCL's appeal, held that the judge had correctly applied the relevant guideline and identified the appropriate starting point, and that he had given sufficient weight to the mitigating factors. Further, the court held that the reduction the judge had made to the fine to reflect UCL's charitable status and its guilty plea had been within the range that had been properly open to him.