European Union – Value added tax. The Court of Justice of the European Union gave a preliminary ruling deciding that Council Directive (EC) 2006/112 had to be interpreted as meaning that holders of reproduction rights did not make a supply of services, within the meaning of that directive, to producers and importers of blank media and of recording and reproduction devices on whom organisations collectively managing copyright and related rights levied on behalf of those rightholders, but in their own name, fees in respect of the sale of those devices and media.