Data protection – Data retention and investigatory powers. Section 1 of the Data Retention and Investigatory Powers Act 2014 was inconsistent with EU law to the extent that, for the purposes of the prevention, investigation, detection and prosecution of criminal offences, it permitted access to retained data: (i) where the object pursued by that access was not restricted solely to fighting serious crime; or (ii) where access was not subject to prior review by a court or an independent administrative authority. However, the Court of Appeal, Civil Division, refused other declarations sought by the claimants.